First Grade Graduation Requirements

Basically this is the groundwork we want our children to have somewhere around age 7.  To determine these goals, we thought through the skills we want the children to have on finishing ALL their schooling, and then worked backward, mentally, thinking through what the basics in each area should look like.  The idea being that without an idea of where we are going, we are likely to wind up somewhere else…. so, we thought through where we want to go, and then outlined some benchmarks to show us we are steered in the direction we intend to go.

We don’t really have specific requirements for each subsequent grade in the elementary years, nor do we plan to.  Really, we more just progress to the next step in every area after mounting the previous step.  These ‘requirements’ are just to help us ensure  the foundation is laid, so there is something on which to build.  These aren’t all done within one year.  Some of them the child may be doing at three, some they may not master until age 7– or perhaps later.  So I guess “first grade” is a long year in our school–from birth until we decide the requirements (which we can also change, by the way) are met.
One more disclaimer:  This “scope and sequence” is just what we felt was important for a child in OUR family.  Other families will have different areas of focus, and may have entire categories that I don’t even touch on.  For Keegan and Kieran I’m adding a few “boy specific” life skills.

Ok, deep breath, this is going to be one LONG blog page!

PrairieFrogs Academy Kindergarten/First Grade: Graduation Requirements

(Eligibility is not contingent upon student’s age, but on mastery of requirements)

Primary Language

Read the Bible aloud intelligibly, smoothly with proper inflection at punctuation

Victory Drill book passed at 1st (preferably 2nd) grade speed (Reading Speed/Fluency)

Write a simple, intelligible letter to relative. Address, stamp envelope, (Life Skills, Handwriting)

Send simple email greeting to relative (Keyboard familiarity, Computer familiarity, Composition)

Answer phone courteously, take accurate & legible message (Enunciation, Manners, Comprehension, Handwriting)

Give five minute presentation on given subject (Oral Presentation, Sequencing Skills, Poise)

Recall facts from story (Comprehension)

Retell simple story in sequence via brief narration (Comprehension)

Follow directions (Comprehension)

Follow sequence (Comprehension)

Read for details (Comprehension)

Respond and elaborate in answering what, when, where, how, and if questions (Comprehension)

Use terms of position and orientation: closed/open, above/below…

Elaborate on how information and events connect to life experiences and Scriptural knowledge (Comprehension)

Understand Relationships (Comprehension)

Alphabetize words through 1st letter

Identify and capitalize the pronoun “I”  (Grammar)

Capitalization of 1st word in sentence (Grammar)

Capitalization of people’s names (Grammar)

Punctuation: Period, Question Mark, Exclamation Point (Grammar)

Noun (Grammar)

Verb (Grammar)

Describing Words (Grammar)

Vowel sounds: Long and Short (Phonetics)

Consonant Sounds (both regular and irregular) (Phonetics)

Digraphs (Phonetics)

Blends (Phonetics)

Diphthongs (Phonetics)

Silent letters (Phonetics)

Count syllables in word

Spell words in isolation and sentence dictation (Spelling)

Substitute initial consonants in word families (-at, -ed, -in, -ill, -ake, -ate, -an, -ax, -en, and -ing) to form new words

Identify rhyming words

Identify and use contractions (Grammar)


Print legibly

Form all manuscript letters: upper and lower case

Hold pencil correctly

Use proper spacing between letters of word and words in a sentence

Copy simple sentences & short paragraphs


Mastery of Level 1 in Professor B Math and Singapore

Counting to 300

Skip counting: 2s, 5s, 10s, 25s

Understand cardinal and ordinal numbers

Use ordinal words 1st through 12th

Identify place value of ones through trillions (If not using Professor B, change requirement to thousands)

Count backwards by rote memory from any number 1-20.

Use tally marks to count & record numbers up to 25.

Read and write two and three digit numbers

Identify & Group numbers as odd/even

Sequence numbers 0-100 and identify which comes before, between, after

Recognize & use symbols: Plus (+), Minus (-) and Equal To (=)

Know terms: add, subtract, longer, shorter, more than, less than, equal, largest, smallest, before, between, after, addend, sum

Understand Greater Than, Less Than, Equal To for numbers 0-50

Read & write number relation sentences (3<7, 2+0<6, 2 dimes >15 cents

Identify and write word equivalent names for numbers (eight = 8 For numbers 0-20 and by tens from 10-100

Addition & Subtraction facts (automatically) to 10

Mentally add and subtract ten to and from any two digit number

Add columns w/ 4 addends

Solving of simple addition, subtraction story problems

Two place addition & subtraction (not requiring borrowing & carrying) (If using professor B, change to 9 place)

Demonstrate understanding of the commutative property of addition (2+4=4+2, etc)

Find the missing addend (facts to 10)

Understand property of zero: when added or subtracted from another number,  sum/remainder = the beginning number

Understanding of fractions: ½, 1/3, 1/4

Recognize common three dimensional shapes: cone, sphere, cube, and cylinder

Measure to the nearest inch

Measure to nearest centimeter.

Tell time to hour & half hour on analog clock

Measure, identify cup, pint, quart

Identify & measure using teaspoon & tablespoon

Understand “dozen”

Understand days of the week

Recite months of the year

Identify own birthday and that of siblings. When do we celebrate Jesus’ birthday?

Read, understand thermometer and make hotter than/colder than comparisons.

Identify/give value for pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters; count change & record using money notation

Understand basic chart, graph concepts

Know that God designed the world with beauty and order, and that Mathematics is logical and orderly


Identify living and nonliving things

Identify pets

Identify farm animals

Identify zoo and circus animals

Identify woodland animals

Identify common birds

Identify common plants, flowers

Define seed, bulb, root, leaves, stem, trunk

Weather and seasons

Day and night

Solids, liquids, gases

Air and water

Sort and group objects by physical characteristics. (heavy vs. light, float vs sink, hot vs cold)

Understand that water evaporates




Understand the concept of weight

Define sun, moon, stars, planets

Understand that Earth is our Planet

Know the basic composition of the Earth: soil, rocks, water, earth

Quote Genesis 1:1

Answer correctly, “How many days did God use to create the earth?”

Answer correctly, “What did God do on day seven?”

Understand that planet rotate and revolve

Simple machines

Understand that heat, light and energy come from the sun

Experiment with light and shadow-know that God is light; we (if Jesus lives in us) are the light of the world

Beginning experimentation

Associate the five senses with respective body parts

Understand general functions of the heart, lungs, brain, stomach

Identify to which food group a food belongs

Define hibernation

Know the basic premise of atomic theory: We are all made up of atoms (very small particles)

Name at least one famous scientist and tell a little about his life & work.

History& Social Science

Differentiate between New and Old Testaments, New Covenant and Old (History)

Understand different forms of transportation through history (History)

Understand different forms of communication through history (History)

Understand that individuals have a personal History or Family Tree (History)

Understand that spiritual oneness in Christ is a more significant and eternal aspect of who we are than lineage or race

Know about the Pilgrims (History)

Understand the relationship of history (both Biblical History and American History) to Holidays (History)

Understand the development of the American flag and the significance of the stars, stripes (History)

Recognize that people have different Religious beliefs (Civics/Political Science)

Understand the need for rules and laws (Civics/Political Science)

Be able to tell about the 10 Commandments (Civics/Political Science)

Understand the need for rules at home and school (Civics/Political Science)

Understand environments & recognize their differences (Civics/Political Science)

Recognize the need for guidance from others (Civics/Political Science)

Understand the concept of citizenship (Civics/Political Science)

Understand the different methods of meeting needs and wants (Civics/Political Science)

Know that God meets our needs and recite a verse to back this: Philippians 4:19 or Matthew 6:28-34

Understand the importance of jobs (Civics/Political Science)

Identify occupations in the community (Civics/Political Science)

Be able to tell what Daddy’s job is (Civics/Political Science)

Understand the effect of the environment on jobs (Civics/Political Science)

Understand the effect of the environment on homes (Civics/Political Science)

Know the name of the current President (Civics/Political Science)

Know that work should be done as unto the Lord

Give an example of a Biblical character with a Godly work ethic.

Know the roles of family members (Social Science)

Understand that each individual is created as unique (Social Science)

Understand the concept of culture and its affect on individuals (Social Science)

Understand the concept of culture and its affect on yogurt (Culinary Science)

Know contributions of different cultures (Social Science)

Recognize uses of communication (Social Science)

Understand the role of language in communication (Social Science)

Understand the importance of communication world-wide (Social Science)

Explain the Biblical account of how we got different languages at the Tower of Babel (Social Science)

Understand the development of neighborhoods and how they differ (Social Science/Civics/Political Science)

Answer: Who does God say is my neighbor? (Social Science/Civics/Political Science)

Summarize the story of the good Samaritan and explain how it applies to our lives

Understand that many jobs require people to cooperate (Social Science)

Understand the position of an individual to his family and World (Social Science)

Point out our country on Map and Globe (Geography)

Identify each state on US map (Geography)

Know directions on Globe and Map (Geography)

Differentiate between land and water on Globe and Map (Geography)

Understand that there are seven main bodies of water on the earth (Geography)

Recognize map symbols (Geography)

Identify major characteristics of each continent (Geography)

Recite full address (Geography & Safety)

Recite full phone number and area code (Safety)

Locate emergency numbers ie: Dr, Daddy at work, designated family friend, 911 (Safety)


Identify all notes on staff, and identify notes on the piano within one octave

Identify note shapes, sharp sign, flat sign, treble and bass clefs

Sight read an easy piece

Play several pieces from memory

Recognize basic instruments by sight and sound: guitar, violin, piano, trumpet, flute, drum

Quote at least one Bible verse about the purpose of music

Know the four instrument families in the orchestra: strings, brass, woodwinds and percussion.

Understand rhythm, melody, harmony, pitch (high/low), dynamics (loud/soft), tempo (fast/slow), and timbre (sound quality)

Identify the name and work of several composers


Know the Books of the Bible confidently

Know 30 individual verses w/ references automatically

Fluently recite one full chapter (Bible) on command

Easily recite 3 of the 1st grade “Poems for Memorization” (R&S) or 3 other poems of similar difficulty

Recite Pledge

Spiritual Concepts

Present plan of salvation explaining:

Sin & man’s universal need for redemption

God’s justice

Gods grace

Christ’s death and resurrection.

Free Gift of eternal life and personal relationship w/ Jesus

Define the Trinity

Know Fruits of the Spirit

Foreign Language

Be able to quote one Bible verse in Spanish with recognizable pronunciation

Explain when languages diverged and give a summary of the Biblical Babel account

Housekeeping & Domestic Arts

Load/unload dishes properly

Set table

Clear table

Fix toast (and clean up) without supervision

Follow simple recipe with supervision (mac and cheese or such)

Clean up after kitchen projects

Unload dishes

Rinse all meal dishes


Vacuum room

Empty trash

Feed Dogs

Sort laundry into lights and darks

Fold, hang, put away own laundry

Know the use of (though maybe not how to personally operate) household appliances

Thread needle and tie thread ends (using needle threader or larger eye needle if necessary)

Do simple gingham embroidery project (or equivalent)

Sew on a button

Do simple running stitch


Identify right and left (hand, foot, ear…)

Understand the importance of daily fellowship with God

Understand importance of proper nutrition and rest

Bathe self (w/ supervision & help on hair especially for girls with VERY long think hair)

Brush hair

Brush teeth

Dress self (Including tying shoes, and choosing right feet)

Understand modesty standards

Understand privacy issues

Understand that God created man in his image, male and female: 2 genders with unique characteristics


Colors of the rainbow

Understand blending of primary colors (color wheel)

Able to shade w/in lines

Differentiate between primary & secondary colors

Cut along lines


Bending w/out creasing

Accurate folding

Weaving paper strips

Create clay figure

Identify the name and work of several artists


Understand what authors, editors and illustrators do

Understand how the phone book is organized (May have assistance in alphabetizing beyond 1st letter.)

Be able to identify and use a book’s table of contents and index

Find words in the dictionary (May have assistance in alphabetizing beyond 1st letter.)

Understand library basics: what does a call number/dewy decimal number do

Know what an Atlas is and have familiarity with it

Know what an Encyclopedia is and have familiarity with it

Know the purpose of and be able to use a concordance (May have assistance in alphabetizing beyond 1st letter.)